The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the network of millions of devices around the world that are connected to the internet and which measure, monitor, and provide rich data. Today IoT consists of many loosely connected networks, each of which solves its own problems. For example, in an office building, several LoRaWAN based IoT solutions could be deployed at once: one to control air conditioners, another for heating systems, lighting, security, and other IoT applications.
These IoT networks can operate according to different standards and combining them into one network is not a trivial task. Low-power wide-area networking (LPWAN) technologies are capable of supporting a large number of Internet of Things use cases. While several LPWAN technologies exist, Long Range (LoRa technology), and its network architecture LoRaWAN, is currently the most adopted technology. LoRa provides a range of physical layer communication settings, such as bandwidth, spreading factor, coding rate, and transmission frequency. These settings impact throughput, reliability, and communication range.
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